This factor causes an imbalance in lipids in human blood. In one study, more than 70 percent of women with PCOS were found to have dyslipidemia.
One in five women in India has PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. It is a common metabolic and endocrine condition in women of reproductive age. In this, the ovaries produce excessive amounts of male sex hormones in the female body. PCOS is different cysts that form in the ovaries due to the production of these hormones. Hyperandrogenism (increased levels of androgens), menstrual irregularities, and polycystic ovarian morphology help to diagnose PCOS. (Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS Symptoms and causes)
PCOS is commonly associated with menstrual irregularities and difficulty conceiving, but women with PCOS are more likely to develop other comorbidities in the future, which can permanently alter a woman’s health. Dr. Bandita Sinha, Consultant, Obstetrics and Gynecology (Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai), gave more information while talking.
If left untreated, PCOS can adversely affect many other parts of the body, not just infertility. Comorbidities that increase the risk of PCOS include gestational diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), cardiovascular disease, pregnancy-related problems, venous thromboembolism, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), skin changes, endometrial cancer, mental health problems. . Factors leading to this disorder mainly include obesity, which also affects the health of our heart and blood vessels.
Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in women with PCOS.
This factor causes an imbalance in lipids in human blood. In one study, more than 70 percent of women with PCOS were found to have dyslipidemia. While it is true that diet and exercise play a significant role in reducing the severity of PCOS, factors such as dietary habits or genetic susceptibility can also increase the risk of the disease. In addition to affecting heart health, other comorbidities caused by PCOS include problems related to pregnancy and childbirth.
Women with PCOS are more likely to suffer from hyperandrogenism and increased BMI during pregnancy, which can lead to severe complications. High blood pressure during pregnancy, or preeclampsia, is also a comorbidity of PCOS, which can be very distressing for the mother and baby. Apart from this, gestational diabetes, hypertension in pregnancy, and in some cases, miscarriage can also cause PCOS problems.
PCOS results in prolonged exposure of the endometrium to estrogen. Ovulation is caused by endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer. The disorder also causes low-grade chronic inflammation, and women with PCOS are more likely to suffer from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes are comorbidities caused by PCOS and associated with developing gallbladder disease.
PCOS can lead to many different comorbidities and severe complications if left untreated. But if this syndrome is prevented and treated, it can lead to a healthy life. Regular health check-ups and maintenance of proper body weight are two effective measures to prevent and treat PCOS.
Obese teenage girls and women with PCOS should undergo ultrasonography screening for symptoms such as obstructive sleep apnea to rule out PCOS and its comorbidities. Proper treatment should be taken to avoid the risk of more severe diseases.
PCOS can severely impact a person’s attitudes and day-to-day functioning if not treated on time. In the future, this disease may have serious consequences. As doctors, we are responsible for making patients aware of the long-term effects of neglected PCOS on the body. A healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and exercise, is a preventative measure and can be very helpful in fighting the PCOS disease that plagues women around the world today.